Ada Lovelace, A Pioneer Of Computer Programming And Computer Science

Today marks 197 years of the birth of Ada Lovelace, the forerunner of the computer science through his studies on the analytical engine of Charles Babbage
 

Ada Lovelace has not gone down in history as the daughter of Lord Byron, one of the great poets of English literature and a symbol of romance, but as the assistant visionary glimpse the possibilities of the analytical engine of Charles Babbage.

Ada Lovelace was a pioneer in his time. He studied mathematics and science, and through their education developed a set of instructions that allowed making calculations in an early version, and far from what we know today as computer. Ada Lovelace’s contributions to the field of computer enabled other scientists like Alan Turing into English, further research in this area to become regarded as the forerunner of computer science.

Augusta Ada Byron-this is his real name, was born on December 10, 1815 in Piccadilly, London. Daughter of Lord Byron and Annabella Milbanke (the princess of parallelograms, as Byron called it), never knew his father, who left England when she was barely two months old after divorcing her mother. Lord Byron wrote to his only legitimate child and often paid tribute to his continued poetic works is not uncommon to find the name of Ada among the heroines of the writer’s works, which continued until his death from malaria in Greece (where the poet had come to work with the nationalist revolution) when she was only eight years old.

At twenty Lovelace Ada married William King, eighth Baron King and who later was appointed Earl of Lovelace. Since then her married name became Lady Augusta Asher Bryon King, Countess of Lovelace. Hence the name was born Lady Ada Lovelace modern. The arrival of three children prevented him from continuing with his studies. He had three: Bryon Noel Byron, Annabella and Ralph Gordon.

Thanks to an exceptional mind and curiosity for mathematics, Ada Lovelace was able to deduce and predict the ability of computers to go beyond the simple calculations of numbers. There have been several women who have made contributions to the computer, but only Ada Lovelace has gotten a programming language that bears his name. His work in this field is recognized and valued in the computer world to the point that the San Diego Computer Center and the Museum of the History of Computers have given Ada Lovelace somewhere between their personalities.

Ada Lovelace died of cancer on November 27, 1852 at 36 years of age and was buried, at his request, beside his father in the Church of St. Mary Magdalene in Hucknall, Nottingham.

Full scientific training

Attempting to delete any inclination towards literature Ada, Lady Byron educated girls in the scientific world. Thus, from smallish, Ada Lovelace was surrounded by the best teachers. We will provide a comprehensive scientific training, well above what is expected of a woman of the time.

Ada Lovelace received tutoring in math and science, especially astronomy branch, counting among his tutors with the prestigious Morgan Augustus, the first professor of mathematics at the University of London, and Mary Sommerville, a brilliant mathematics just publish a book on celestial mechanics and eventually became his role model.

In 1833, when he had been presented in partnership with its protective and Mary Somerville, Ada met Charles Babbage Lovelace. Weeks after this first meeting, visited with his mother Ada inventor and mathematician in his house, where he showed them the already built his Difference Engine.

Babbage, who from 1828 held the Lucasian Chair of Mathematics at Cambridge University (the same who had held Newton), designed his machine to generate mathematical tables automating the steps ‘mechanical’ calculations. Something like the ancestor of today’s computers. And from there began an intense correspondence between the two.

By training, her childhood experience in the design of a machine itself-at twelve wanted to build a flying machine inspired by the experiments of the time-and for its regular visits to factories and workshops, Ada Lovelace could understand how the machine.

Two years later, on July 8, 1835, she married William King, eighth Baron King, later named Earl of Lovelace and eleven years her senior. When Ada marriage became the Countess of Lovelace, and thereafter pass to posterity as Lady Ada Lovelace. But despite the marriage, which had three sons, his career was cut short.

A visionary assistant

Babbage had is so impressed by the capabilities of Ada Lovelace in 1842 that required their services. It was published in French a work on Babbage Analytical Engine and wanted him to translate it into English and annotated expand own. These notes, which tripled the extent of the work that had been translated, turn out to contain what is considered today as the first computer programs.

Among other things, Ada Lovelace described an algorithm for calculating Bernoulli numbers on the Analytical Engine which is considered the first algorithm specifically tailored for a “computer” by the fact that Ada Lovelace is considered the first programmer in history. He also suggested the use of punch cards for inputting instructions to the Analytical Engine.

Ada Lovelace died at thirty-six years-about the same age as his father, the November 27, 1852, due to uterine cancer and probably by the complications of the indentations made by their physicians.

Although many women who have made great contributions to the computer, only Ada Lovelace has a programming language that bears his name. In 1979 the Department of Defense of the United States created a programming language based on Pascal in his honor called Ada programming language.

Ada Lovelace is also a day on the calendar itself: on October 16. Ada Lovelace Day pays tribute to all those women internationally who have contributed effort and little praise in the field of science, technology, engineering and mathematics.

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Bram Stoker Special -165th Birthday Bram Stoker | Dracula Novelist

Bram Stoker (1847-1912), Irish theatre critic and author wrote the Gothic horror novel Dracula (1897);

“It is the eve of St. George’s Day. Do you not know that tonight, when the clock strikes midnight, all the evil things in the world will have full sway?”–Ch. 1

Written in epistolary fashion, Stoker introduces us to the young solicitor Jonathan Harker as he travels to Transylvania to assist Count Dracula in a real estate transaction. While the first chapter starts off pleasantly enough, Harker soon begins to note odd happenings and details of the people and events he experiences while travelling deeper and deeper into the Carpathians. Gloomy castles standing high in the mountains, odd figures half-obscured by the dark, eerie landscapes with flashing lights, and howling wolves trail Harker as he journeys … unaware of the mystery and horrors he and his love Mina Murray are soon to become entangled with. Only with the help of such noted characters as Professor Van Helsing, John Seward, Arthur Holmwood, and Quincey Morris does good prevail over evil.

Dracula is often referred to as the definitive vampire novel, but it is possible that Stoker was influenced by Joseph Sheridan LeFanu’s (1814-1873) Gothic vampire novella Carmilla(1872). While Stoker wrote numerous novels and short stories, he is chiefly remembered today as the author of this best-selling novel. It has been translated to dozens of languages, inspired numerous other author’s works, been adapted to the stage and film including the first version,Nosferatu (1922), starring Max Schreck. Dracula is still widely read and remains in print today.

Abraham “Bram” Stoker was born on 8 November 1847 in Clontarf, a suburb of Dublin, Ireland, the third of seven children–William Thornley, Mathilda, Thomas, Richard, Margaret, and George–born to Charlotte Mathilda Blake Thornely (1818-1901) and Abraham Stoker (1799-1876), Civil Servant. He was a sickly child, spending great amounts of time bed-ridden, barely able to walk. However, having fully recovered, in 1864 he entered Trinity College, Dublin to study mathematics, and, despite his earlier years of illness became involved in athletics, winning many awards. He was also elected President of the Philosophical Society. After graduating with honours in 1870 he followed in his father’s footsteps and joined the Civil Service with Dublin Castle, which inspired his The Duties of Clerks of Petty Sessions in Ireland(1879). From his great love of the arts Stoker also started to write theatre reviews for the Dublin Evening Mail. One particular review of a performance of William Shakespeare’s Hamlet with actor [Sir] Henry Irving (1838-1905) in the lead role led to a great friendship between the two men and in 1878 Irving asked Stoker to be the manager of his Lyceum Theatre in London, England, a position he held for almost thirty years. Later Stoker would publish Personal Reminiscences of Henry Irving (2 volumes, 1906) and Snowbound: The Record of a Theatrical Touring Party (1908) which includes such theatre-based stories as “The Slim Syrens”, “Mick the Devil”, and “A Star Trap”.

In 1878 Stoker married actress Florence Balcombe (1858-1937) with whom he had a son, Irving Noel Thornley (1879-1961). Stoker left his job in Dublin and the couple settled in London. It was here that Stoker became acquainted with many famous actors and such other notable authors of the time as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Oscar Wilde, and William Butler Yeats. While not involved in the theatre, including travelling with them on tours in Europe and North America which inspired A Glimpse of America(1886), Stoker started to write novels including The Primrose Path (1875), The Snake’s Pass (1890), The Watter’s Mou’ (1895), The Shoulder of Shasta (1895), Miss Betty(1898) and short stories collected in Under the Sunset (1881).

Download Dracula’s Books And Others

In 1890 Stoker holidayed in the North-east coast fishing village of Whitby in Yorkshire, where it is said he gleaned much inspiration for his novel Dracula. Other works by Stoker include The Mystery of the Sea (1902), his Egyptian mummy-themed The Jewel of Seven Stars (1903), The Man(also titled The Gates of Life 1905),Lady Athlyne (1908), The Lady of the Shroud (1909), Famous Impostors(1910), and The Lair of the White Worm (1911) which also includes elements found in Dracula like unseen evil, strange creatures, inexplicable events, and supernatural horrors.

The storm which was coming was already making itself manifest, not only in the wide scope of nature, but in the hearts and natures of human beings. Electrical disturbance in the sky and the air is reproduced in animals of all kinds, and particularly in the highest type of them all–the most receptive–the most electrical. So it was with Edgar Caswall, despite his selfish nature and coldness of blood. So it was with Mimi Salton, despite her unselfish, unchanging devotion for those she loved. So it was even with Lady Arabella, who, under the instincts of a primeval serpent, carried the ever-varying wishes and customs of womanhood, which is always old–and always new.–Ch. 27

Bram Stoker died in London, England on 20 April 1912. His ashes were mingled with his son’s and they now rest in the Golders Green Crematorium in London, England. His wife Florence survived him by twenty-five years and had Dracula’s Guest and Other Weird Stories published in 1922. Some claim that the story “Dracula’s Guest” was actually supposed to be the first chapter for his novel Dracula. It also includes such titles as “The Gipsy Prophecy”, “The Burial of the Rats”, “A Dream of Red Hands”, and “The Secret of the Growing Gold”.

“We are all drifting reefwards now, and faith is our only anchor.”–Ch. 23, Jonathan Harker’s Journal, Dracula

Biography written by C. D. Merriman for Jalic Inc. Copyright Jalic Inc. 2008. All Rights Reserved.

 

 

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Indian Celebrities Born On August 15 | 15 August Indian’s Celebration Day

india

Independence Day in India

India celebrates Independence Day on August 15 of each year. India became an independent nation on August 15, 1947, so a gazette holiday is celebrated annually to remember this date.

What do you do?

Independence Day is a day when people in India pays tribute to its leaders and those who fought for freedom of India in the past. The period before Independence Day is a time when the main government buildings are lit with fairy lights and fluttering tricolor of houses and other buildings. The media, print and online contests may have special programs, and articles to promote the day. The films on freedom fighters of India are also shown on television.

The president delivered the “Message to the Nation”, on the eve of Independence Day. Flag of India Prime Minister of India unfolds and has a speech at the Red Fort in Old Delhi. Ceremonial flag hoisting and cultural programs are held in state capitals and often involve many schools and organizations.

Many people spend the day with family members or close friends. They can eat a picnic in a park or private garden, go to a movie or eat lunch or dinner at home or in a restaurant. Other people go kite flying or singing or listening to patriotic songs.

Public life

indianIndependence Day is a holiday in India Gazette on 15 August each year. Offices, state and local government offices and banks are closed on this day. Shops and other businesses and organizations can be closed or have reduced opening hours.

Public transportation is usually not affected by many locals traveling for celebrations, but there may be a lot of traffic and greater security in areas where there are celebrations. Independence Day flag raising ceremonies may cause circulatory disorders, especially in Delhi and state capitals cities of India.

Background

indianThe struggle for independence from India began in 1857 with the Sepoy Mutiny in Meerut. Later in the 20th century, the Indian National Congress and other political organizations under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, launched an independence movement throughout the country. The colonial powers were transferred to India on August 15, 1947.

The Constituent Assembly, that power should be transferred, gathered to celebrate the independence of India at 11 pm on August 14, 1947. India gained freedom and became a free country at midnight between August 14 and August 15, 1947. That’s when the first free India’s Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru gave his famous “tryst with destiny” speech. People across India will remember the significance of this event – which marked the beginning of a new era of liberation from British colonialism, which took place in India for over 200 years.

Symbols

indiaThe sport of kite flying symbolizes Independence Day. The skies are dotted with innumerable kites flown from rooftops and fields to symbolize the free spirit of India of India. Kites of different styles, sizes and shades, including the tricolor are available in the markets. The Red Fort in Delhi is also an important symbol of the Independence Day of India, as this is where the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru announced the flag of India on August 15, 1947.

The national flag of India is a horizontal tricolor of saffron deep (kesaria) on top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in the same proportion. The relationship between the width of the flag of its length is two to three. A navy blue wheel in the center of the white stripe represents the chakra. Its design is the wheel which appears on the abacus of Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates the width of the white band and has spokes 24.

Gustav Klimt ” 150th Birthday Special ” He One OF Re Knwn Artest

Gustav KlimtsGustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918), an Austrian Symbolist painter and prominent members of Vienna was one of the movement of retirement. His major work, paintings, drawings, murals,, and other art supplies are included. Klimt’s primary subject was the female body,  His work is characterized by a frank eroticism

Life in Elementary Education

Gustav Klimt Baumgarten in Vienna, Austria, Hungary, seven children, three sons and four daughters were born closer. [3] is the artistic talent early three sons. His younger brother Ernst Klimt Klimt Klimt was a Georg. His father, Ernst Klimt, Czech Republic, before the old man, was a gold engraver. [4] in Ernst Anna Klimt (née Finster), whose ambition was not realized that being a music star married Klimt’s Vienna School of Arts and Crafts (Kunstgewerbeschule) lived in poverty, where He studied until 1883, and the architecture of their training as a painter. [4] that far, the most important painters in the history of Hans Beckert respects. Klimt readily accepted for training, conservative principles, the primary tasks of this study [4] In 1877, his brother Ernest, who like his father, became an engraver, also enrolled in the school as are classified. Two brothers, their friend Franz Matsch began working together. Around 1880, a team he called “artists’ association” as many orders received and the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna painted murals for master’s assistance [4] Klimt these professional career painting murals inside the Ringstrasse, the largest public buildings and false starts, including a series of successful “allegories and symbols.
Gustav Klimts
In 1888, Klimt painted murals in the Burgtheater in Vienna for Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria for his contributions in the Golden Order of Merit was awarded. [4] honorary member of the Munich University [University of Vienna.]]

Gold at a major success

“Golden era” Klimt and successful feature of the critics. Bauer I (1907 – this time many of his paintings, gold leaf, gold Athena Palace (1898) and Judith I (1901) is used to distinguish the back, although the most prevalent Portrait of Adele Bloch is associated with a period) and Kiss (1908 to 1907). Klimt traveled little but Venice and Ravenna, both famous for their beautiful mosaics visits, most likely his gold technique and his Byzantine imagination is encouraged. In 1904, he collaborated with other artists, art Palais Stoclet,

And later success in life after death

In 1911, death and life drawing room of the exhibition, the first prize in the world. His mother Anna died in 1915. Klimt 6 February, 1918 in Vienna, died three years later, a heart attack, and this year’s influenza epidemic of pneumonia encountered.  He was buried in Vienna Hietzing. Some paintings were incomplete.

Gold at a major success
Gustav Klimts
“Golden era” Klimt and successful feature of the critics. Bauer I (1907 – this time many of his paintings, gold leaf, gold Athena Palace (1898) and Judith I (1901) is used to distinguish the back, although the most prevalent Portrait of Adele Bloch is associated with a period) and Kiss (1908 to 1907). Klimt traveled little but Venice and Ravenna both famous for their beautiful mosaics visits, most likely his gold technique and his Byzantine imagination is encouraged. In 1904, a wealthy Belgian industrialist, who art in modern times was the home of one of the greatest monuments Palais Stoclet, in collaboration with other artists. Klimt contribution in the field, including both successes and expectations, were part of the beauty of their best work, and publicly declared “I apparently reached an advanced stage decoration.”  between 1907 and 1909, Klimt’s society women wrapped in fur pants five screens. Flogs love modeling clothes for their show of costume pictures.

Keith Haring’s 54th birthday Google doodles

keith haringToday, Google has its usual home page logo with a new logo for the 54th art Birthday of Keith Haring reminds replaced. The standard Google Doodle uses colors – blue, red, yellow and green, but it was been so created that looks pleasing and makes the viewer feel excited at first sight.

If you notice, you will find that celebrate the Doodle features a bunch of people and dancing. And each element in this doodle has something to say. The first “O” looks like in this Google Doodle a superman who tries will be flying high. The dance movements into the Doodle you can think of – for a moment – these hippies have gathered to dance at a birthday party. Oh! Keith Haring’s 54th Birthday.

But if you watch the Doodle closely, you’ll dance the feeling of the street, and, interestingly, these dancers are today’s Doodle.

It is easy to relate to this Doodle Keith Haring, as he is an artist and social activist whose work reflected the New York City street culture in the 1980s was.

Keith Haring was born on 4 Born May 1958 in Pennsylvania. He developed a love for drawing at a very young age. He learned basic cartooning skills from his father and the culture around him.

From 1976 to 1978 he studied commercial art, but soon lost interest and moved into Fine Arts to study. Later he moved to New York and enrolled in himself the School of Visual Arts (SVA).

Between 1980 and 1989, Haring achieved recognition at international level and has participated in numerous exhibitions. During his career he devoted much time to public works, which are often carried out social messages.

In 1988, Haring was diagnosed with AIDS. In 1989 he established the Keith Haring Foundation in terms of financing and images, offer to AIDS organizations and children’s programs, and also to expand the audience for his work in exhibitions.

Keith Haring died at the age of 31 on 16 February 1990. Keith the work in the exhibitions and collections of major museums around the world are seen.